ReliefWeb: Haiti

Dominica: Humanitarian Implementation Plan (HIP) Latin America and the Caribbean(ECHO/-AM/BUD/2017/91000) Last update: 10/10/2017 Version 4

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Source: European Commission's Directorate-General for European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations Country: Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, British Virgin Islands, Colombia, Cuba, Dominica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Nicaragua, Saint Barthélemy (France), Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Martin (France), Sint Maarten (The Netherlands), Turks and Caicos Islands

AMOUNT: EUR 16 800 000

The present Humanitarian Implementation Plan (HIP) was prepared on the basis of the financing decision ECHO/WWD/BUD/2017/01000 (Worldwide Decision) and the related General Guidelines for Operational Priorities on Humanitarian Aid (Operational Priorities).
The purpose of the HIP and its annex is to serve as a communication tool for ECHO's partners and to assist in the preparation of their proposals. The provisions of the Worldwide Decision and the General Conditions of the Agreement with the European Commission shall take precedence over the provisions in this document.

0 . Major changes since previous version of the HIP

Third Modification – Dominica – Hurricane Maria – 10 October 2017

Less than two weeks after Hurricane Irma, Category 5 Hurricane Maria hit the Caribbean, making landfall in Dominica on 19th September with maximum sustained winds of 260 km/h and causing devastating impact on the island. ECHO responded with the immediate release of EUR 250 000 from its Emergency Toolbox HIP to cover the most pressing logistic and food needs of the population, whilst undertaking more comprehensive needs assessments in the field.

Three weeks into the disaster, food, water, electricity, tarpaulins and building repair materials remain the most urgent needs for 65 000 people; since markets and basic services are not yet restored. Field visits have confirmed that housing destruction was massive (at least 50% according to CDEMA), in addition to the total loss of roofs.

An amount of EUR 500 000 is added to this HIP to provide assistance to the victims of the hurricane. Funds will be used to cover the emergency needs of up to 5 000 most vulnerable affected people, giving priority to most isolated and under-assisted rural areas. The focus will primarily be on shelter.
Second Modification – Caribbean Hurricane Irma – 11 September 2017 Hurricane Irma, a Category 5 Hurricane and the 9th named Hurricane of the 2017 Atlantic Hurricane Season, impacted several Caribbean Islands (Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, British Virgin Islands, Dominica, St. Kitts and Nevis, Montserrat, Puerto Rico, St Martin, St Maarten,

St. Barth, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Turks and Caicos Islands, Bahamas and Cuba) between 5 and 9 September 2017, bringing life-threatening wind, storm surge, and rainfall hazards. Irma was downgraded to Category 3 Hurricane after passing through Cuba, to subsequently regain category 4 on its way to Florida.

Preliminary reports indicate the most severely affected islands are Cuba, Anguilla, Barbuda, St Martin-St Maarten, St Barth, Turks and Caicos, and the British Virgin Islands (BVI). Initial damage and needs assessments are ongoing in all the affected countries.

As of 9 September 2017, reports indicate 32 deaths (10 in Cuba, 11 in St Martin-St Maarten-St Barth, 1 in Anguilla, 4 in the BVI, 4 in the US Virgin Islands, 1 in Barbados and 1 in Barbuda), thousands displaced and/or in temporary shelters. In all affected islands, health facilities and critical infrastructure have suffered important physical damage, hampering the rapid delivery of emergency assistance.

Turks and Caicos Islands: Îles Turques-et-Caïques : 73 migrants haïtiens appréhendés à French Cay

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Source: Groupe d'Appui aux Rapatriés & Réfugiés Country: Haiti, Turks and Caicos Islands

73 migrants haïtiens ont été interceptés le 16 octobre 2017 à French Cay, un îlot situé au Sud-est des Îles Turques-et-Caïques. De ce groupe, figurent 12 femmes et 61 hommes, a appris le GARR auprès des autorités de ce territoire d’outre-mer britannique.

Selon les informations collectées, ces migrantes et migrants haïtiens ont été transportés à Providenciales, une île de l’archipel des Turques et Caïques.

Les ressortissantes et ressortissants haïtiens tentaient d’aller s’installer irrégulièrement aux Îles Turques-et-Caïques. Ils seront déportés sous peu vers Haïti, ont annoncé les autorités de ce territoire d’outre-mer britannique.

Soulignons que le 4 octobre 2017, le Département de l’immigration du ministère de contrôle des frontières et de l’emploi des Îles Turques-et-Caïques avait rapporté dans des rapports que plus de 150 migrants haïtiens avaient été retrouvés dans les eaux et sur le rivage de ce pays. Parmi lesquels se trouvaient aussi des femmes et des enfants.

Le GARR s’inquiète du nombre élevé d’Haïtiens qui continuent de mettre leur vie en péril dans des voyages irréguliers.

Il exhorte les autorités haïtiennes à prioriser l’amélioration des conditions de vie des couches vulnérables de la population qui partent sans cesse à la recherche du travail en territoire étranger.

Haiti: Rapidly Assessing the Impact of Hurricane Matthew in Haiti

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Source: World Bank Country: Haiti

The rapid assessment allowed the identification of populations in need of urgent assistance, including over 30,000 children in affected schools.

Synopsis

The Haitian population is one of the most exposed in the world to natural disasters, including hurricanes, floods, and earthquakes. The number of disasters per kilometer tops the average for other Caribbean countries. The Germanwatch Global Climate Risk Index ranked Haiti third in the world in 1995–2014 for impacts from climatic events, and the country is among the ten zones in the world considered most vulnerable to climate change. In 2008, tropical storms and hurricanes caused losses estimated at 15 percent of GDP. The earthquake on January 12, 2010, killed 220,000 people, displaced 1.5 million people, and destroyed the equivalent of 120 percent of GDP. These disasters tend to disproportionately affect the poorest and most marginal populations, those settling in the flood zones and coastal areas particularly affected by tropical storms. Almost 50 percent of damage and losses to the productive sectors have been concentrated in the agricultural sector. Based on available historic data, weather-related disasters are estimated to have caused damage and losses in Haiti amounting to about two percent of GDP on average per year from 1975 to 2012.

Challenge

Hurricane Matthew struck Haiti on October 4, 2016, as a Category 4 hurricane. The combined effects of wind, coastal flooding and rain caused heavy flooding, landslides, and the destruction of a great deal of infrastructure, agricultural crops and natural ecosystems. In all, 546 people were killed, more than 175,500 people sought refuge in shelters, and about 1.4 million people required immediate humanitarian assistance. An assessment of the damage and losses had to be carried out very quickly to unlock financial resources from the World Bank Group (WBG) and the International Monetary Fund to provide the assistance needed by those affected by the disaster.

Approach

The WBG, in partnership with the Inter-American Development Bank, closely supported the client through data gathering from field visits, phone surveys, and satellites and drones, as well as simulations through modelling. A full report assessing the damage and losses was delivered less than two weeks after the request, a task that usually takes at least three months. This rapid assessment covered all affected sectors and was the first multi-sectoral evaluation of the socioeconomic impacts of the hurricane as well as of its macroeconomic effects and impacts on individual and household income.

Results

Matthew was a Category 4 hurricane, an event predicted to occur only once every 56 years. It inflicted damage and losses in Haiti estimated at the equivalent of 22 percent of GDP. Specific impacts of the hurricane included the following:

  • The disaster affected over 2 million people, about 20 percent of Haiti’s population, primarily in the poorest regions of the county.

  • The hurricane resulted in flooding, landslides, and extensive destruction of infrastructure and livelihoods.

  • The agriculture and housing/urban sectors were the hardest hit, with up to 90 percent of crops and livestock lost in some areas.

  • Thousands of structures were damaged, and key roads and bridges were washed away.

  • It’s estimated that over 450,000 children were out of school.

  • The vaccine cold chain was destroyed.

  • A sharp increase in suspected cholera cases was recorded in affected departments.

Assessing in record time the damage and losses, as well as identifying the most affected sectors and the potential human costs, led to rapid reallocation of about US$50 million from the Bank’s ongoing portfolio. The enabled responses included:

  • Rehabilitation of roads and bridges, including the major bridge to the country’s south.

  • Schools were repaired and refurnished, semi-permanent school shelters built, school children fed, and water treatment kits and school kits provided.

  • Rapid response to cholera was strengthened.

  • Emergency sanitation and chlorination water systems were implemented.

  • Irrigations systems were rehabilitated, inputs for the next agricultural season were provided and seeds given to 2,500 farmers.

  • Some entrepreneurs received cash transfers to cover damages and losses in the coffee, cocoa, and honey value chains.

  • Portable solar lamps and solar household systems were made available, some distribution grids were rehabilitated, hurricane preparedness was strengthened and energy infrastructure vulnerability was reduced.

These rapid interventions not only helped to minimize losses in the winter harvest and prevent widespread famine, they also helped contain the cholera outbreak and limit migration and violence.

Bank Group Contribution

The World Bank, through the International Development Association (IDA), reallocated US$50 million from ongoing projects to the affected sectors. In addition, US$100 million under the IDA Crisis Response Window were mobilized for four additional financings to relaunch heavily damaged agriculture, restore connectivity through transport infrastructure and provide a robust cholera response.

Partners

Bank support focused on sectors with limited technical capacity, and particularly those sectors with counterparts in the government. The support promoted local ownership of the assessment by each of the line ministries while ensuring implementation of a standardized methodology. The rapid assessment benefited from joint support from the Inter-American Development Bank teams, FAO, UNICEF, and UNEP. In addition, the IMF mobilized US$ 41 million under their Rapid Credit Facility to help with urgent balance of payments needs in the aftermath of Matthew.

Beneficiaries

The rapid assessment allowed the identification of populations in need of urgent assistance, including over 30,000 children in affected schools. The assessment also provided information for effective targeting of rehabilitation efforts: about 45 school roofs and school grounds were rehabilitated, 60 semi-permanent shelters were built, and 4,000 pieces of school furniture (benches, desks, blackboards, etc.) were distributed, enabling schools to reopen and to increase their capacity in the short and medium term. In addition, 16,000 student kits (bag, books, notebooks, pens), 900 teacher kits (including dictionaries, compasses, rulers, maps), and 151 school kits (including blackboards and chalk) were distributed. Further efforts included providing 22,000 students in 90 schools in affected regions (Grand’Anse, Sud, and Nippes) with a daily snack and hot meal, as well as water-treatment and sanitation kits, soap, de-worming medication, vitamin A and cholera-prevention hygiene training.

Subsequent interventions targeted 1.5 million beneficiaries in areas with limited health service delivery infrastructure. Isolated populations in the southern peninsula benefited from the provision of health services through mobile clinics, and in Nippes, Grande-Anse and Sud,

300,000 children benefited from the restoration of basic infrastructure for immunization and vaccine cold chains.

Cash transfers and in-kind support will also be provided to 325 micro, small and medium-sized entrepreneurs. The cash transfers and in-kind support will help the beneficiaries recover from losses and continue productive activities in their respective value chain, i.e., coffee (Grand'Anse and Southeast); vetiver (South); and honey (Nippes).

Moving Forward

This rapid damage and losses assessment fed into the more thorough Post-Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA) undertaken under the leadership of the Haitian Ministry of Planning, with support from the World Bank Group, the European Union, the Inter-American Development Bank, UNDP and various UN agencies. The PDNA was finalized in early January 2017 and launched by the President of the Republic in early February 2017. More importantly, this rapid assessment was instrumental in drawing up the needed framework and quickly moving from emergency response to recovery. Finally, this rapid assessment served as an important input to the preparation of the Bank’s first financing to reach the Board post–Hurricane Matthew. An International Development Agency education grant of US$ 30 million to maintain access to quality education in the areas most affected by Hurricane Matthew, delivered to the Board approximately five weeks after the disaster, was approved in November 2016.

World: Global Weather Hazards Summary: October 20 - 26, 2017

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Source: Famine Early Warning System Network Country: Afghanistan, Benin, Burkina Faso, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Honduras, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Liberia, Mali, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Tajikistan, Togo, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Uzbekistan, World

Moisture deficits in the Greater Horn of Africa could indicate delayed onset of seasonal rains

Africa Weather Hazards

  1. Poorly-distributed rainfall during August and early September has delayed crop development over parts of southern Burkina Faso and northern Ghana. Below-average rain is forecast next week, which further reduces the chance for recovery.

  2. An abnormal heat polygon is posted across portions of Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, and Mozambique, where surface temperatures are forecast to range 4-8°C above average and maximum temperatures could exceed 40°C.

Syrian Arab Republic: Grade 3 and Grade 2 emergencies, countries covered by a WHO or joint appeal, and WHE priority countries: Contributions and Firm Pledges (18 October 2017)

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Source: World Health Organization Country: Afghanistan, Antigua and Barbuda, Bangladesh, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Dominica, Ethiopia, Haiti, Iraq, Libya, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Senegal, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Ukraine, Yemen

Syrian Arab Republic: Grade 3 and Grade 2 emergencies, countries covered by a WHO or joint appeal, and WHE priority countries: Contributions and Firm Pledges (11 October 2017)

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Source: World Health Organization Country: Afghanistan, Antigua and Barbuda, Bangladesh, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Dominica, Ethiopia, Haiti, Iraq, Libya, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Senegal, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Ukraine, Yemen

Syrian Arab Republic: Grade 3 and Grade 2 emergencies, countries covered by a WHO or joint appeal, and WHE priority countries: Contributions and Firm Pledges (4 October 2017)

ReliefWeb Haiti rss - Wed, 10/18/2017 - 19:23
Source: World Health Organization Country: Afghanistan, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Haiti, Iraq, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Senegal, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Ukraine, Yemen

World: In the Race Against Hunger, We Must Reach the Goal

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Source: Inter Press Service, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Country: Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Grenada, Guatemala, Haiti, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Peru, Saint Lucia, Trinidad and Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World

By Julio Berdergué, FAO Regional Officer for Latin America and the Caribbean, and Pablo Aguirre, technical advisor of the FAO Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean

SANTIAGO, Oct 16 2017 (IPS) - On September 15, we announced the “State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World” report, published in collaboration with five United Nations organisations, including FAO. The 144-page study shows numerous results and analyses of various dimensions and indicators, but the message is the same: after a long downward trend in the world’s hunger levels, we are now taking a step backwards.

It is estimated that today, 815 million people suffer from hunger, which corresponds to an increase of 38 million people compared to last year. This is an unacceptable backward step, especially if we recall that only two years ago, countries of the world committed to the Sustainable Development Goal: to eliminate hunger on the planet by 2030.

To supplement the previous report, FAO and the Pan American Health Organisation, have recently published the “Panorama of Food and Nutritional Security in Latin America and the Caribbean 2017”. The main message is the same: we are also losing ground in the fight against hunger.

Compared to the last measurement, 2.4 million persons have become undernourished. In total, 43 million people in Latin America and the Caribbean suffer from the scourge of hunger. In seven countries, more than 15% of the population is in this state: Antigua and Barbuda, the Plurinational State of Bolivia, Grenada, Guatemala, Haiti, Nicaragua, and Saint Lucia.

If the most recently projected hunger rates do no change, only eight countries will reach the Zero Hunger goal by 2030: Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, Jamaica, Mexico, Trinidad and Tobago, and Uruguay. Therefore, we must make a stronger and better effort in reaching the committed goal.

Brazil, Cuba and Uruguay are leading the progress made in the fight against undernourishment and Chile, Argentina and Mexico are a part of the most advanced group of countries.

Less than 4.2% of their populations suffer from undernourishment. However, many of them have entered a stage where their progress has slowed down, just when the goal is within reach. Since 1990, Mexico has reduced incidences of hunger by 2.5% and Argentina by approximately 1.7%.

Countries like Nicaragua and Bolivia have another reality. The level of hunger in these nations are high, above 17%, but what is important is that they are improving and moving quickly in the right direction.

We highlight the case of Nicaragua, with an impressive reduction of 35% since 1990. Bolivia is also moving at a good speed with hunger decreasing by almost 16% since 1990.

We can identify a third group of countries where the problem has worsened over the last year. In Costa Rica, 5.6% of the population is suffering from undernourishment. It is one of the countries with the highest numbers, and the problem has recently increased.

Antigua and Barbuda, Grenada, Peru, Saint Lucia and Venezuela have also regressed compared to the year 2016, and in the latter case, even more significantly. Peru’s recent regression must be considered in light of the fact that this country has a successful long-term trajectory, since it has reduced hunger by 22% since 1990, leaving the country with only an 8% incidence of undernourishment.

Considering the previously summarised trends, what strategies do we need so that in the year 2030 we can say that Latin America and the Caribbean is a region free from hunger, as promised by our political leaders?

In countries like Guatemala or Haiti that still have a high percentage of the population suffering from hunger, we must establish a broad and transverse strategy, in other words, one that covers every corner of their societies. CELAC’s Food Security and Nutrition Plan or the Mesoamerican No Hunger Initiative have proposals based on the best and most successful regional experiences.

These countries, Haiti in particular, require international cooperation, but to be successful this must be supported by strong and long-term national political will, surpassing humanitarian logic and linking the reduction of hunger to the promotion of sustainable development.

In countries that already have this goal in sight but are still not victorious, the strategy that has worked in previous decades, must be changed.

These counties are entering a harder stage in the fight against hunger, which persists in social and territorial pockets of deep poverty, where factors such as institutional weaknesses, ethnic and gender inequalities, social exclusion, or geographic isolation, make the usual policies less effective.

It is like the climber who tries to reach to the peak of Mount Everest: the effort in the last 500 meters is a lot more that what was required at the beginning, and in order to reach the goal he must resort to special strategies.

At FAO, it is proposed that we accurately identify the social and territorial pockets of hunger, country by country, and for each one, we tailor-make a programme.

However, there is one very important factor in every country. Latin America and the Caribbean can only announce that our region is free from hunger in 2030 if our social and political leaders, businesses, each and every one of us, become convinced that populations suffering from hunger is an insult to our own dignity and an embarrassing trademark that we can no longer tolerate.

This article is part of a series of stories and op-eds launched by IPS on the occasion of this year’s World Food Day on October 16.

Haiti: Haïti: le Conseil de sécurité salue les progrès accomplis depuis 2004 et demande au Gouvernement de collaborer avec la nouvelle mission de l’ONU

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Source: UN Security Council Country: Haiti

CS/13031

Conseil de sécurité
8070e séance – matin
17 OCTOBRE 2017

Dans une déclaration présidentielle, le Conseil de sécurité a, ce matin, saisi l’occasion de l’achèvement, le 15 octobre dernier, du mandat de la Mission de stabilisation des Nations Unies en Haïti (MINUSTAH) pour saluer les progrès « notables » accomplis par Haïti depuis 2004 vers la stabilité et la démocratie. 

Le Conseil note en effet les améliorations apportées au renforcement de la sécurité et de la situation humanitaire et salue la tenue des élections présidentielles de 2016 et 2017 qui « ont ouvert la voie à la consolidation des institutions démocratiques haïtiennes grâce à un transfert pacifique du pouvoir ».  Il salue, en outre, la contribution de la MINUSTAH au rétablissement de la sécurité et de la stabilité en Haïti au cours de ces 13 années. 

Après avoir rappelé qu’il incombe au premier chef au Gouvernement haïtien d’assurer la stabilité du pays, le Conseil demande à ce dernier de « faciliter l’exécution du mandat et le fonctionnement » de la nouvelle Mission des Nations Unies pour l’appui à la justice en Haïti (MINUJUSTH). 

Cette mission, qui ouvre « une nouvelle phase de l’action des Nations Unies » dans le pays, veillera, en étroite collaboration avec le Gouvernement, à consolider les progrès accomplis pendant qu’Haïti « se prépare au retrait des forces de maintien de la paix des Nations Unies ».  La MINUJUSTH devra établir un plan de deux ans comportant des objectifs précis visant audit retrait. 

Par la présente déclaration, le Conseil indique que la priorité devra être donnée « au renforcement de l’état de droit, à la réforme de la justice, au respect des droits de l’homme, y compris l’autonomisation des femmes et leur pleine participation à la prise de décisions, et à la poursuite du renforcement des capacités de la Police nationale haïtienne de sorte qu’elle puisse améliorer les conditions de sécurité dans le pays ». 

Enfin, le Conseil prend note de la nouvelle stratégie de lutte contre le choléra en Haïti et de « la réduction constante des cas présumés de maladie ».  En début de séance, le Conseil a observé une minute de silence en mémoire des victimes des attaques qui ont frappé Mogadiscio, en Somalie, samedi dernier. 

LA QUESTION CONCERNANT HAÏTI

Rapport du Secrétaire général sur la Mission des Nations Unies pour la stabilisation en Haïti (S/2017/840)

Déclaration du Président du Conseil de sécurité

(Le texte de la déclaration sera disponible plus tard dans la journée.)

À l’intention des organes d’information • Document non officiel.

Haiti: 440 Leaders communautaires du Sud et du Sud’Est recoivent des formations en bonnes pratiques nutritionnelles et d’hygiène

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Source: European Commission's Directorate-General for European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Country: Haiti

14 octobre 2017, Port-au- Prince. Dans le cadre du projet « Réhabilitation et renforcement des moyens d’existence des ménages agricoles affectés par l’ouragan Matthew dans les Départements du Sud et du Sud’Est », mis en œuvre conjointement par l’Organisation des Nations Unies pour l’alimentation et l’agriculture (FAO) et l’Organisation Alianza por la Solidaridad, 440 Leaders communautaires du Sud et Sud’Est bénéficient de séances de formation sur les bonnes pratiques agricoles et nutritionnelles, tout au long des mois d’octobre et novembre 2017.

Cette initiative - un projet de réponse suite au passage de l’ouragan Matthiew financé par la Direction Générale de la Protection Civile et des Opérations d’Aide Humanitaire Européennes (ECHO) pour un montant total de € 2,550,000 - vise à renforcer les capacités des Leaders communautaires dans les communes de Bainet,

Côtes-de- Fer, Chardonnières et Port-à- Piment dans le domaine de la nutrition et de l’hygiène des aliments, à travers des sessions de formation théorique et pratique, ainsi que des démonstrations culinaires participatives. « Le renforcement de l’éducation nutritionnelle de la population haïtienne est une priorité dans la programmation de l’Union Européenne en Haïti, » a expliqué Jordi Torres Miralles, Chef du Bureau d’ECHO en Haïti. « La liaison de cette initiative avec les actions visant à améliorer la sécurité alimentaire aussi implémentées dans le cadre de ce projet, est essentiel pour contribuer à réduire certaines causes sous-jacentes de la malnutrition », at-il ajouté.

Ces séances de formation ciblent 440 Leaders d’associations paysannes et de groupements de femmes (femmes enceintes, allaitantes, entre autres). Elles sont réalisées au niveau de toutes les sections communales des 4 communes susmentionnées: chaque Leader communautaire formé a pour engagement de répliquer les connaissances acquises à 20 personnes de sa communauté, afin d’atteindre l’ensemble des bénéficiaires de ces formations, soit 8.800 personnes.

Les contenus des formations adaptés aux besoins des communautés locales Les formations portent essentiellement sur l’allaitement maternel et l’alimentation complémentaire ; le respect d’une alimentation équilibrée en se basant sur la pyramide alimentaire haïtienne avec les trois groupes d’aliments (constructeurs, protecteurs, énergétiques) ; l’hygiène alimentaire ; la cuisson des aliments ; l’alimentation des groupes vulnérables (petits enfants, femmes enceintes) en situation d’urgence ; l’importance des fruits et légumes ; le lavage de mains ; le traitement de l’eau ; et la planification familiale. « Avant d’entamer les séances de formation, nous prenons le soin de tester le niveau de connaissances des bénéficiaires en matière de bonnes pratiques nutritionnelles et d’hygiène. En général, les participants ont un très faible niveau d’éducation nutritionnelle et d’hygiène. Mais, grâce aux différentes séances de formation réalisées, une nette amélioration est observée chez l’ensemble des bénéficiaires. Ils développement un certain réflexe en termes de choix alimentaires, et se sont engagés à répliquer les connaissances acquises dans leur localité, selon un plan de travail conjointement établi », a affirmé Camsuze Bosué, nutritionniste à la FAO.

Chaque session de formation dure 3 jours, à raison de 25 Leaders communautaires par section communale, dont 80% de femmes. Les sessions sont clôturées par une séance de démonstration culinaire et une mise en situation des leaders, permettant d’évaluer leur capacité et d’identifier les lacunes à combler pour la réalisation des séances de réplication.

Très enthousiastes, les participants ayant assisté à la séance de formation tenue du 3 au 5 octobre 2017 dans la commune de Bainet, disent apprécier cette démarche qui vient améliorer leur mode de consommation et d’alimentation. « La FAO et les autres partenaires nous rendent un grand service en implémentant ce projet. La population en avait grandement besoin, compte nu de son manque d’information dans ce domaine. Ces connaissances en matière d’allaitement maternel, d’hygiène et de nutrition, vont nous permettre de changer nos comportements et nos pratiques alimentaires et nutritionnelles », a déclaré Etienne Stanley Michel, l’un des Responsables de l’organisation Vision des Jeunes de Bainet (VJB). Pour sa part, Myrlande Saint-Phillippe, s’est dit reconnaissante envers la FAO, tout en s’engageant à vulgariser les notions apprises et sensibiliser les gens de sa communauté.

FIN.-

Haiti: Security Council Presidential Statement Notes Contributions by United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti During 13-Year Mandate (Presidential Statement S/PRST/2017/20)

ReliefWeb Haiti rss - Tue, 10/17/2017 - 18:16
Source: UN Security Council Country: Haiti

SC/13031

Security Council
8070TH MEETING (AM)

As the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) completed its mandate on 15 October, the Security Council welcomed the notable progress made by Haiti towards stability and democracy.

In presidential statement S/PRST/2017/20, read by François Delattre (France), its President for October, the Council recognized the contribution MINUSTAH had made in restoring security and stability throughout its 13‑year tenure and expressed appreciation of the efforts of the United Nations Country Team.

Recalling that the primary responsibility for ensuring stability lay with the Government of Haiti, the Council reaffirmed the need for political dialogue to help defuse tensions between competing groups. Also reaffirming the need for addressing ongoing socioeconomic grievances, the Council emphasized the importance of prioritizing strengthening the rule of law, judicial reform, respect for human rights, including the empowerment of women and their full participation in decision-making, and further developing the capacity of the Haitian National Police.

The Council also recognized the United Nations “New Approach to Cholera in Haiti” and its continued progress in reductions of suspected cases of cholera. In addition it reaffirmed its support for the United Nations zero‑tolerance policy on all forms of sexual exploitation and abuse.

Further to the presidential statement, the Council underscored the importance of continued support to Haiti and welcomed the work of the United Nations Mission for Justice Support in Haiti (MINUJUSTH) to consolidate progress made as the country transitioned to a non-peacekeeping United Nations presence. It emphasized the importance of MINUJUSTH developing a clearly benchmarked projected two‑year exit strategy to a non‑peacekeeping United Nations presence to continue supporting the efforts of the Government of Haiti in sustaining peace and peacebuilding.

At the outset of the meeting, the President expressed deepest sympathy and condolences to the people of Somalia and the families of the victims of the terrorist attack in Mogadishu. The Council then observed one minute of silence.

The meeting started at 10:11 a.m. and ended at 10:18 a.m.

Presidential Statement

The full text of presidential statement S/PRST/2017/20 reads as follows:

“As the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) completes its mandate on 15 October 2017, the Security Council recognizes the achievements made by Haiti since 2004.

“The Security Council takes note of the report from the Secretary‑General of 5 October (S/2017/840) and the assessments, recommendations, and lessons learned contained therein. The Security Council expresses its intention to take them into account in the framework of its ongoing work to enhance the overall effectiveness of United Nations peacekeeping and transitions.

“Recalling resolutions 2350 (2017) and 2313 (2016), the Security Council welcomes the notable progress made by Haiti towards stability and democracy. It underlines the improvements in strengthening the security and humanitarian situation. The Security Council also welcomes the presidential elections held in 2016 and 2017, which have paved the way to consolidate Haiti’s democratic institutions through a peaceful transfer of power.

“The Security Council recognizes the contribution of MINUSTAH in restoring security and stability in Haiti throughout its thirteen years. The Security Council expresses its appreciation for the efforts of the United Nations Country Team, under the leadership of the Special Representatives of the Secretary‑General, and MINUSTAH personnel for their dedication. The Security Council also expresses its gratitude to the troop- and police‑contributing countries for their support over the years.

“The Security Council recalls the primary responsibility of the Government of Haiti for ensuring stability in Haiti and reaffirms in particular the need for political dialogue as a peaceful resolution to help defuse tensions between competing groups and to address ongoing socioeconomic grievances. It emphasizes the importance of prioritizing strengthening the rule of law, judicial reform, the respect for human rights, including the empowerment of women and their full participation in decision-making, and further developing the capacity of the Haitian National Police (HNP) to enable it to improve Haiti’s security environment, all of which are critical to achieving long‑term stability. Further, the Security Council expresses confidence that the new mission will work closely with the Government of Haiti and calls upon the Government to facilitate the mission’s mandate and functioning.

“The Security Council recognizes the United Nations ‘New Approach to Cholera in Haiti’ and continued progress in reductions of suspected cases of cholera.

“The Security Council reaffirms its support for the United Nations zero‑tolerance policy on all forms of sexual exploitation and abuse and affirms the importance of supporting victims of sexual exploitation and abuse.

“The Security Council stresses that there is important work ahead to further advance Haiti’s long-term security, democratic consolidation, and sustainable development. The Security Council underscores the importance of continued support to Haiti as it embarks on the next stage of the United Nations’ engagement, and welcomes the work of the United Nations Mission for Justice Support in Haiti (MINUJUSTH) to consolidate progress made as Haiti transitions to a non‑peacekeeping UN presence.

“The Security Council welcomes the use of a range of different tools to support Haiti as it seeks to address its political, economic, social, and security challenges. It emphasizes the importance of MINUJUSTH developing a clearly benchmarked projected two‑year exit strategy to a non‑peacekeeping UN presence in Haiti to continue supporting the efforts of the government of Haitian in sustaining peace and peacebuilding.”

For information media. Not an official record.

Haiti: Vers la reconnaissance officielle de la médecine traditionnelle en Haïti

ReliefWeb Haiti rss - Tue, 10/17/2017 - 05:04
Source: Government of Haiti Country: Haiti

Pour la première fois en Haïti, un congrès annuel sur la médecine traditionnelle. En effet, c’est en présence de plusieurs officiels du gouvernement, des personnalités du monde médical scientifique et de la médecine traditionnelle, des représentants de l’Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS), des partenaires en santé, des membres de la société civile et bien d’autres personnalités que la ministre de la Santé publique et de la Population, Dr Marie Greta Roy Clément, a lancé le vendredi 29 septembre 2017, au Centre de convention et de documentation de la BRH, cette grande première conférence sur la médecine traditionnelle. Cette démarche vise à harmoniser à la fois les médecines scientifique et traditionnelle, pour que la population ait accès à une plus large couverture en matière de soins sanitaires.

« Plusieurs études conduites dans le passé révèlent que la médecine traditionnelle est le premier recours de la population face à un phénomène morbide.» Selon la ministre, tout le monde a fait des expériences avec la médecine traditionnelle en buvant une tisane pour calmer une situation de fébrilité ou d’huile de palma-christi pour faire disparaitre une douleur rebelle.

Deux exemples qui montrent l’attachement viscéral du peuple haïtien à cette médecine ancrée dans nos traditions. Dr Roy dit déplorer que plusieurs études réalisées sur la cohabitation des médecines scientifique et empirique restent au stade de projet et sont peu documentées.
Elle affiche dans sa posture à la conférence une satisfaction pour cette grande première qui, selon elle, marque un pas vers la bonne direction dans la résolution d’un problème datant des premiers balbutiements de notre histoire de peuple. « Pour rattraper le temps perdu, il nous faut faire des pas de géant, mais tout le monde doit s’impliquer pleinement», a fait savoir la titulaire du MSPP.

Plus loin, elle explique que les maladies de transmission culturelle seront toujours présentes. Ainsi, dit-elle, dans un pays ou tout est prioritaire, on ne peut négliger aucun facteur qui peut aider le ministère à maintenir la population en santé. Elle croit que les acteurs modernes ou contemporains doivent s’entendre pour être à la hauteur de l’attente de la population en matière de besoins sanitaires notamment les enfants et les femmes enceintes. « Ce rêve sera possible à condition que tous les acteurs de la médecine scientifique et celle de l’ordinaire se mettent ensemble pour servir la collectivité dans toute sa globalité », a déclaré Dr Roy Clément.

Pour madame Eunide Innocent, ministre à la Condition Féminine et aux Droits de la Femme, la médecine traditionnelle a toujours été un outil privilégié pour suppléer à l’absence de structures sanitaires pour tenter de sauver des vies et alléger les souffrances. Elle dit accorder tout son support à sa collègue du Ministère de la Santé dans sa démarche visant à faire cohabiter les médecines traditionnelle et scientifique pour le bien-être de la population, notamment des femmes haïtiennes. En outre, elle a félicité les praticiens de la médecine ancestrale pour le service rendu à la population. Madame Innocent applaudit cette initiative qui vise à valoriser les guérisseurs et guérisseuses qui sont un rempart pour la population en matière de soin.

De son côté, le ministre de la Culture et de la Communication, Limon Toussaint, estime que la médecine traditionnelle joue un rôle essentiel dans la vie de la population haïtienne. Il voit dans cette initiative de la ministre de la santé, une valorisation et un relèvement de notre identité culturelle. Il ajoute que la pratique de la médecine traditionnelle exercée depuis le temps de l’esclavage, a rendu beaucoup de service à la population qui faisait et qui fait encore face à une kyrielle de maladies. « Dans cette louable initiative, nous sommes un allier sûr pour le Ministère de la Santé Publique et de la Population », a déclaré M. Toussaint. « Pour des raisons socioculturelles, une grande partie de la population haïtienne recourt à la médecine traditionnelle qui est une richesse inestimable que nos guérisseurs et guérisseuses trouvent à travers les plantes locales pour aider la population », a pour sa part, affirmé Florine Jean Jeune Joseph, directrice de la Direction de la Pharmacie, du Médicament et de la Médecine Traditionnelle (DPM/MT). Elle ajoute, la médecine traditionnelle a fait ses preuves dans tous les milieux, en dépit de tout, elle n’a pas encore sa reconnaissance légale en Haïti. Selon Mme Jean Jeune, la tenue de cette grande conférence permettra de recenser, de valoriser et de reconnaitre officiellement la valeur de nos praticiens et leur utilité pour la population. « L’heure est à l’action dans le domaine de la médecine traditionnelle et nous avons besoin de ressources nécessaires en vue de nous permettre de mettre en application les recommandations qui seront faites à la sortie des assises.» La directrice de la DPM/MT reste persuadée que l’harmonisation et la reconnaissance de ces deux médecines auront une importance capitale pour le peuple haïtien sur les plans médical et économique.

Turks and Caicos Islands: Au moins 150 migrants haïtiens interceptés dans les eaux et sur le rivage des Îles Turques et Caïques Spécial

ReliefWeb Haiti rss - Tue, 10/17/2017 - 04:36
Source: Groupe d'Appui aux Rapatriés & Réfugiés Country: Haiti, Turks and Caicos Islands

Le Département de l’immigration du ministère de contrôle des frontières et de l’emploi des Îles Turques-et-Caïques a annoncé dans des rapports avoir intercepté à l’Ouest de ce pays, le 4 octobre 2017, plus de 150 migrants haïtiens en situation irrégulière. Au nombre de ces migrants qui ont été retrouvés dans les eaux et sur le rivage, se trouvaient aussi des femmes et des enfants, a appris le GARR auprès d’un partenaire à Providenciales.

Intervenant sur ces rapports en milieu de matinée du 5 octobre 2017, la task force du Département de l’immigration de concert avec des officiers de police, a souligné que 81 personnes de nationalité haïtienne ont premièrement été recensées. 80 autres auraient été dénombrées aussi par la suite. Les voyageurs clandestins haïtiens ont été transportés dans un centre hospitalier à Providenciales, une île de l’archipel des Turques et Caïques, pour recevoir des soins médicaux.

Selon les autorités des Îles Turques-et-Caïques qui n’ont pas précisé le nombre exact d’enfants, d’hommes et de femmes gardés pour l’instant par la police de ce pays, les dossiers de ces migrantes et migrants sont à l’étude avant d’être déportés vers leur pays d’origine.

Le Département de l’immigration du ministère de contrôle des frontières et de l’emploi a rappelé que le recel de migrants en situation irrégulière est un crime. Toute personne inculpée est passible d’une amende de $20 000 dollars américains ou sera condamnée à une peine d'emprisonnement de deux à quatre ans.

En outre, tout étranger naturalisé dans ce territoire d’outre-mer britannique qui sera reconnu coupable d'une telle infraction, se verra enlever son statut. Il sera aussi déporté vers son pays d’origine, a-t-il indiqué.

Il convient de souligner que selon les informations disponibles, 7 ressortissants haïtiens ont été rescapés d’un naufrage survenu au large de l’île de la Tortue dans la nuit du samedi 14 au dimanche 15 octobre 2017. Ces personnes ont été secourues par l’unité de sauvetage de la Direction de la Protection Civile (DPC).

Les survivants ont déclaré que l’embarcation avait à son bord une quarantaine de voyageurs qui auraient tenté d’atteindre clandestinement l’île de Providenciales. Le GARR s’inquiète de la démarche de nombreuses Haïtiennes et Haïtiens qui continuent au quotidien d’aller risquer leur vie en haute mer dans des voyages incertains et souvent périlleux.

Il en profite pour appeler les autorités haïtiennes à entreprendre de vrais programmes sociaux susceptibles d’encourager ces personnes souvent vulnérables à rester dans le pays.

World: EU Annual Report on Human Rights and Democracy in the World in 2016

ReliefWeb Haiti rss - Tue, 10/17/2017 - 02:39
Source: European Union Country: Afghanistan, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cabo Verde, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, China - Macau (Special Administrative Region), China - Taiwan Province, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Cuba, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Holy See, Honduras, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Israel, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People's Democratic Republic (the), Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia (Federated States of), Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, occupied Palestinian territory, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Switzerland, Syrian Arab Republic, Tajikistan, Thailand, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, United States of America, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), Viet Nam, World, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

On Monday 16 October 2017 the Council adopted the EU Annual Report on Human Rights And Democracy in the World in 2016.

2016 was a challenging year for human rights and democracy, with a shrinking space for civil society and complex humanitarian and political crises emerging. In this context, the European Union showed leadership and remained strongly committed to promote and protect human rights and democracy across the world.

This report gives a broad picture of the EU's human rights efforts towards third countries in 2016, and encompasses two parts: The first part is thematic, and pays particular attention to the human rights approach to conflicts and crises, main human rights challenges and human rights throughout EU external policies. The second part is geographical and covers EU actions in third countries, thus mapping in detail the human rights situation across the globe.

Haiti: Haïti : Le Secrétaire général se félicite du début de la Mission pour l’appui à la justice (MINUJUSTH), preuve de l’engagement des Nations Unies à soutenir la consolidation de la paix

ReliefWeb Haiti rss - Mon, 10/16/2017 - 22:44
Source: UN Secretary-General Country: Haiti

SG/SM/18750-PKO/678

La déclaration suivante a été communiquée, aujourd’hui, par le Porte-parole de M. António Guterres, Secrétaire général de l’ONU:

Le Secrétaire général se félicite du début des activités de la Mission des Nations Unies pour l’appui à la justice en Haïti (MINUJUSTH) aujourd’hui, après la fin du mandat de la Mission des Nations Unies pour la stabilisation en Haïti (MINUSTAH) le 15 octobre.

La fermeture de la MINUSTAH témoigne des progrès accomplis par Haïti en 13 ans. Le Secrétaire général exprime sa gratitude aux personnels civils et en uniforme qui ont servi au sein de la MINUSTAH et à tous les pays contributeurs de troupes et de forces de police.

La création de la MINUJUSTH reflète l’engagement des Nations Unies à soutenir la consolidation de la paix et à promouvoir la stabilité en Haïti.

La MINUJUSTH assistera le Gouvernement haïtien à renforcer les institutions de l’état de droit, à continuer de développer les capacités de la police nationale et de promouvoir les droits de l’homme. La police nationale peut compter sur le soutien opérationnel de la MINUJUSTH, en tant que de besoin, pour maintenir l’ordre public et la loi sur l’ensemble du territoire.

Le Secrétaire général est confiant que le peuple et le Gouvernement haïtiens travailleront en étroite collaboration avec la MINUJUSTH et l’équipe de pays des Nations Unies afin de mettre en œuvre, ensemble, des priorités communes sur la base de la résolution 2350 (2017) et reflétées dans le Programme de développement durable à l’horizon 2030.

À l’intention des organes d’information • Document non officiel.

Haiti: Secretary-General Welcomes United Nations Mission for Justice Support in Haiti as Previous Operation’s Stabilization Mandate Ends

ReliefWeb Haiti rss - Mon, 10/16/2017 - 22:35
Source: UN Secretary-General Country: Haiti

SG/SM/18750-PKO/678

The following statement was issued today by the Spokesman for UN Secretary-General António Guterres:

The Secretary-General welcomes the establishment today of the United Nations Mission for Justice Support in Haiti (MINUJUSTH), following the end of the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) mandate on 15 October.

The closure of MINUSTAH is a testament to Haiti’s progress over the past 13 years. The Secretary-General extends his gratitude to all civilian and uniformed personnel who served with MINUSTAH, as well as to troop- and police-contributing countries.

MINUJUSTH reflects the commitment of the United Nations to continue supporting the consolidation of peace and promotion of stability in Haiti.

MINUJUSTH will assist the Haitian Government to strengthen rule-of-law institutions, further develop the capacities of the national police and advance human rights. The national police can rely on operational support from MINUJUSTH, when needed, to maintain law and order throughout the territory.

The Secretary-General is confident that the Haitian people and Government will work in close partnership with MINUJUSTH and the United Nations country team to implement together joint priorities based on resolution 2350 (2017) and reflected in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

For information media. Not an official record.

World: 5 Ways USAID Is Helping to End World Hunger

ReliefWeb Haiti rss - Mon, 10/16/2017 - 20:25
Source: US Agency for International Development Country: Ethiopia, Haiti, Kenya, Malawi, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Uganda, World, Zimbabwe

We can combat global hunger and malnutrition, but it takes a holistic approach to ensure long-lasting impact

World hunger is on the rise. Today, nearly one in 10 people around the world suffer from hunger.

The solution to combatting hunger seems simple — get food to people in need when they need it. And while we have answered the call time and time again in response to crises and humanitarian need, supporting food security requires much more than filling people’s bellies.

Food security exists when people, at all times, have physical, social and economic access to adequate and nutritious food so they can live healthy and productive lives. When individuals and families have access to food, are educated about nutrition and how to be healthy, and can grow more crops and sell more harvests, they can be self-sufficient and resilient to future crises.

We can combat global hunger and malnutrition, but it takes a holistic approach to ensure long-lasting impact. Here are five ways USAID, through efforts like Food for Peace and Feed the Future, is investing in agriculture and food security to end hunger.

1. Improving agriculture to boost incomes

The extreme poor often rely on farming for their livelihoods. However, many smallholder farmers live far from markets where they can make a profit selling their crops. They face challenges like lack of access to credit, resources, and skills needed to improve their harvest.

To ensure farmers are connected to economic opportunities through agriculture, we work with our partners — from the private sector to universities and civil society organizations — to help smallholders get the support, know-how, and access they need to be successful.

For example, in Kenya, smallholder farmers who previously couldn’t compete with larger growers have boosted their crop production, minimized post-harvest losses, and connected to markets with skills gained from USAID. Some are even selling their surplus crops to the UN World Food Program to help feed other communities in drought-prone areas.

Through Feed the Future, in particular, we’re helping developing countries build stronger food systems that provide opportunities for rural communities — from farms to markets to tables — by investing in agriculture and bringing partners together.

2. Teaching shared responsibility for health and nutrition

Educating people on proper nutrition, sanitation and hygiene so they stay healthy is crucial to addressing food insecurity. For example, lack of safe drinking water and poor sanitation and hygiene can lead to waterborne diseases and chronic intestinal infections, robbing children of their potential and keeping farmers from tending to their fields.

Health and nutrition efforts take root when people adopt the right behaviors, such as washing their hands before preparing food. Trainings can empower all household members to share in these responsibilities. In some communities, this has changed the social dynamics in a family, making the distribution of household duties more equitable between men and women.

For example, in Zimbabwe a forward-thinking group of men now collect water for the family — traditionally a woman’s role. They have constructed latrines and handwashing stations, and are training others on proper handwashing and the need to use soap or ash in addition to water.

3. Empowering women in agriculture

Likewise in Uganda, where men typically raise livestock and keep the sales, women are challenging traditional gender roles by learning goat herding skills and generating incomes themselves.

Empowering women to start businesses can help ensure their families earn enough money to put food on the table. In Haiti, female farmers who were once chronically food insecure can now feed their families, expand their businesses and save for their children’s futures. In Senegal, rural women are getting the tools they need with USAID’s help to grow, share, and sell more nutritious food for better health and extra profit.

4. Managing natural resources and preparing for disasters

For communities that rely on natural resources for their income, learning about sustainable resource management is vital. Years of poor management — such as overgrazing by livestock — can degrade farmland, making it difficult for farmers to earn a living.

We also educate communities on the impacts of natural disasters and how to prepare for them.

In Malawi and Ethiopia, we equip farmers and pastoralists with tools and opportunities that help their communities build resilience so they can better withstand crises such as droughts. Helping vulnerable people build resilience to crises is vital to addressing poverty and hunger.

5. Meeting Immediate Needs

We also provide humanitarian assistance to communities in crisis. In emergency situations, such as the aftermath of a natural disaster, we meet the immediate food and nutrition needs of communities through in-kind food, cash transfers or food vouchers.

In Sierra Leone, we helped families get back on their feet after Ebola by providing cash transfers so mothers could buy food for their families. These moms also had an opportunity to join community savings groups, allowing them to start small businesses and farms — and get a head start on a more hopeful future.

About the Authors: Beth Dunford is Assistant to the Administrator in USAID’s Bureau for Food Security and Deputy Coordinator for Development for Feed the Future, the U.S. Government’s global hunger and food security initiative. Matthew Nims is Acting Director of USAID’s Office of Food for Peace.

World: UN-SPIDER September 2017 Updates

ReliefWeb Haiti rss - Mon, 10/16/2017 - 18:32
Source: UN Office for Outer Space Affairs Country: Dominican Republic, Haiti, Mexico, Niger, Puerto Rico (The United States of America), United States Virgin Islands, World

UN-SPIDER at a glance

UN-SPIDER Regional Support Offices conduct virtual meeting

As a follow-up to the 8th annual meeting of the UN-SPIDER Regional Support Offices (RSOs), conducted from 6 to 8 June in Vienna, a virtual meeting of RSOs was organized on 26 September as an online video conference. The UN-SPIDER team from Vienna, Beijing and Bonn and RSOs from Greece,
Indonesia, Nigeria, Romania and Sri Lanka participated in the meeting. During the two-hour-long meeting, participants discussed the potential role of RSOs as project managers on specific activations of the International Charter Space and Major Disasters, the experience of the International Water Management Institute (RSO in Sri Lanka) as project manager during the Charter activation for the recent flood emergency in Sri Lanka, ideas on engaging RSOs with the Copernicus Emergency Management Service (EMS), the UN-SPIDER Strategy 2030 and UNISPACE+50. In addition, the meeting discussed a workplan for joint activities in 2018. It was decided that the next online video conference will be organized on the sidelines of the 7th annual UN-SPIDER conference in Beijing from 23-25 October 2017.

Haiti: La MINUSTAH complète son mandat et invite les autorités nationales à saisir la fenêtre d’opportunité de la MINUJUSTH

ReliefWeb Haiti rss - Sat, 10/14/2017 - 05:23
Source: UN News Service Country: Haiti

Port-au-Prince, le 13 Octobre 2017 – Hier jeudi 12 octobre 2017, la représentante spéciale du Secrétaire général des Nations Unies (RSSG) et chef de la MINUSTAH, Sandra Honoré, a briefé le Conseil de sécurité, trois jours avant la clôture de la Mission des Nations Unies pour la stabilisation en Haïti (MINUSTAH) et sa transition à la Mission des Nations Unies pour l’appui à la Justice en Haïti (MINUJUSTH), conformément à la résolution 2350 du Conseil de sécurité. Tout en saluant les achèvements atteints depuis la création de la Mission en 2004 en matière de la stabilisation et de la consolidation démocratique, la chef de la MINUSTAH a souligné que la préservation des gains de la stabilité est d'abord la responsabilité des autorités haïtiennes.

« Il appartient aux autorités et au peuple haïtien de se servir pleinement de la fenêtre d'opportunité créée par les efforts de stabilisation de la dernière décennie, réalisés avec le soutien de la MINUSTAH et d’autres partenaires internationaux. » a réitéré la RSSG à l’occasion de la présentation du dernier rapport du Secrétaire général devant le Conseil de sécurité ce jeudi 12 Octobre.

« Pour consolider la stabilité politique, le renforcement et l’établissement des institutions démocratiques telles que prévues par la Constitution haïtienne sont essentiels. Un agenda de réforme doit reposer sur un dialogue qui inclut les voix de tous les secteurs nationaux, y compris les partis politiques, la société civile et le secteur privée. Mais ces voix doivent aussi être ouvertes au consensus politique, ce qui est vital pour tout processus de réforme. », a ajouté la Chef de la MINUSTAH.

En remerciant les Etats membres, y compris les contributeurs de troupes et de police, pour leurs contributions au processus de la stabilisation en Haïti à travers la MINUSTAH, la RSSG a également mis l’accent sur la continuité du partenariat de la communauté internationale et des Nations Unies avec le peuple haïtien.

L’engagement du système des Nations Unies auprès du peuple haïtien se poursuivra à travers la MINUJUSTH et les agences, fonds et programmes des Nations Unies, pour le renforcement de l’état de droit, des droits humains et de la Police Nationale d’Haïti, ainsi que pour la réalisation des Objectifs de développement durable d'ici 2030. « J’invite les autorités haïtiennes, tous les acteurs politiques et la société civile à pleinement saisir l’opportunité qui se présente à travers la MINUJUSTH et les Agences, Fonds et Programmes des Nations Unies en Haïti. », a conclu Sandra Honoré.

Haiti: Le Chargé d’Affaires de l’Ambassade des États-Unis en Haïti, Robin Diallo, visite l’entrepôt alimentaire du PAM

ReliefWeb Haiti rss - Sat, 10/14/2017 - 05:21
Source: US Agency for International Development Country: Haiti

Port-au-Prince, le vendredi 13 octobre 2017 – Haïti se classe au troisième rang mondial parmi les pays les plus touchés par les phénomènes météorologiques extrêmes. Cette année seulement, moins d’un an après le cyclone dévastateur Matthew, le pays a été touché par deux autres cyclones majeurs – Irma et Maria – qui ont balayé la côte Nord d’Haïti, provoquant des inondations. Une réponse bien préparée et immédiate est nécessaire afin de prévenir les pénuries alimentaires et la faim qui peuvent souvent succéder une catastrophe de grande ampleur.

L’Agence des États-Unis pour le Développement International (USAID), a alloué un montant de 4 millions de dollars au Programme Alimentaire Mondial (PAM) en Haïti pour aider à distribuer la nourriture plus rapidement en cas de catastrophe. Cette assistance permet au PAM de supprimer ce qui peut être un long processus de passation de marchés en mettant en place des accords d’approvisionnement avec des fournisseurs de produits alimentaires régionaux qui peuvent rapidement livrer aux entrepôts du PAM suffisamment de produits pour nourrir jusqu’à 150.000 personnes pendant un mois.

La Chargée d’Affaires de l’Ambassade des États-Unis en Haïti, Madame Robin Diallo, a remercié le gouvernement haïtien et le PAM pour leur collaboration continue avec le gouvernement américain lors de sa visite à l’entrepôt alimentaire du PAM à Port-au-Prince le 13 octobre 2017.

«Nous comptons sur le courage de nos partenariats avec le gouvernement haïtien et des organisations comme le Programme Alimentaire Mondial, d’autant plus que nous partageons des objectifs communs d’intervention rapide et efficace en cas d’urgence, et pour une protection sociale accrue pour les Haïtiens en cas de catastrophe naturelle et autres situations», a déclaré la Chargée Diallo. «Le bureau Food for Peace (FFP), de la Mission de l’USAID en Haïti a travaillé avec diligence sur cette importante assistance pour aider le PAM à renforcer la sécurité alimentaire en réduisant les délais de livraison des provisions alimentaires à ceux qui en ont besoin en cas de désastre » a-t-elle déclaré.

La visite de Madame Diallo à l’entrepôt a servi à annoncer officiellement le soutien continu des États-Unis quelques jours avant la Journée Mondiale de l’Alimentation célébrée le 16 octobre. D’autres personnalités accompagnaient Mme. Diallo lors de cette visite, notamment le Directeur de la Mission de l’USAID, Jene Thomas, le Directeur Adjoint de l’USAID, Alexious Butler, le chef intérimaire du bureau Food for Peace, Lawrence Oroma, et le Directeur Adjoint du bureau FFP, Sebastian Milardo. Ronald Tran Ba Huy, Directeur du Programme Alimentaire Mondial en Haïti, a accueilli les visiteurs de l’USAID.

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